The Winter Olympic Games were started from 1924
and were held in Chamonix, Paris. The Games feature winter sports held
on ice and snow and are held every four years.
Winter Olympic Games
The Winter Olympics were initiated in 1924 and were
held in Chamonix, Paris for the first time. However, it wasn't until
1926 at the 24th International Olympic Committee Session in Lisbon, that
the 1924 events in Chamonix were retroactively designated as the first
Winter Olympics. The Winter Games since then have been successfully
conducted after a gap of every four years. The Winter Olympic Games in
contrast to Summer Olympic Games witnesses less participation by the
countries. This is owing to the fact that the nations close to the
equator do not enjoy popularity of the Winter Games and access to winter
sport training facilities are relatively limited and non-existent. The
most recent winter Games were held in 2006 at Turin, Italy and the next
Winter Olympiad will be held in Vancouver, Canada in 2010. Given below
is chronology of the Winter Olympic Games.
- Chamonix, 1924 - Initially called the 'International
Sports Week 1924', it was retroactively named the First Olympic
- St. Moritz, 1928 - The Games held in Switzerland
witnessed the introduction of a new event 'Skeleton' and at the same
time 10,000 m speed skating was cancelled owing to the condition of
- Lake Placid, 1932 - Athletes from 17 nations participated
at the III Winter Olympiad unlike 25 nations in the II Winter
- Garmisch-Partenkirchen, 1936 - Alpine Skiing events were
introduced for the first time at the Games hosted by twin Bavarian
towns. 28 nations participated at the games sending representation
for seventeen events.
- St. Moritz, 1948 - The Games were held after a gap of
twelve years owing to the II world War. Chile, Denmark, Lebanon,
Korea and Island made their debut at these Winter Olympic Games.
- Oslo, 1952 - A total of thirty nations participated at
the Games, with New Zealand and Portugal participating in the Games
for the first time.
- Cortina d'Ampezzo, 1956 - The 1956 Winter Olympic Games
witnessed soviets sending their team for the first time. The Soviets
in their very first winter Olympics put up a spectacular show and
won more medals than any other nations.
- Squaw Valley, 1960 - Women participated in speed skating
for the first time during these games.
- Innsbruck, 1964 - 36 nations participated in the IX
Olympic Winter Games and a total of 34 events were held. The Games
were also threatened by a lack of snow. It was the Austrian Army
that came to the rescue getting ice mountain tops at the site of the
- Grenoble, 1968 - The Grenoble Winter Olympic Games were
the first Games to be broadcast in color on television.
- Sapporo, 1972 - Held in Japan, it was for the first time
that the Winter Olympics were held outside USA or Europe.
- Innsbruck, 1976 - These Games witnessed Olympic debut for
ice dancing. Also for the first time, two Olympic Flames were lit.
- Lake Placid, 1980 - During and prior to the games many
snow machines were used to ensure that the competitions took place
in the best possible snow conditions.
- Sarajevo, 1984 - For the first and only time so far, the
Winter Olympic Games took place in a socialist country. 49 nations
participated in the XIV Winter Olympic Games.
- Calgary, 1988 - Canada hosted the Winter Olympic Games
for the first time. These were also the first smoke-free games, with
signs of No-Smoking placed everywhere around at the venue.
- Albertville, 1992 - During these games, Croatia and
Slovenia participated as independent nations for the first time.
Also this was the last time, when both the summer and winter Olympic
Games were held together in the same year.
- Lillehammer, 1994 - The winter games for the first time
were held two years apart. The summer Olympics and Winter Olympics
are hence as a result are held alternately every two years.
- Nagano, 1998 - The Games were officially opened by His
Majesty the emperor Akihito. Women took part in ice Hockey for the
first time in Olympic history.
- Salt Lake City, 2002 - The judges put to use technology
in the games as they used instant video replay in figure skating.
China and Australia also made history at the games as they earned
their first gold medals in Winter Olympics.
- Turin, 2006 - At the XX Winter Olympic Games, 80 nations
participated. These games also witnessed the most stringent
anti-doping controls ever as a record 1,219 tests were administered.
- Vancouver, 2010 - the XXI Winter Olympic Games are sue to
held in Canada for the second time in February 2010.
- Sochi, 2014 - The International Olympic committee has
granted the XXII Winter Olympic Games to Sochi, Russia. The Russian
city won votes against Salzburg, Austria and PyeongChang, Republic