China is a multiethnic society and the people are industrious and hospitable. Mandarin is the official language of China. Learn all these facts and more about China here.
China is the most populous country in the world, with more than 1.3
billion people. In accordance with the census in 2004, the ratio of
the sexes is about 51.5% male and 48.5% female. Approximate 60% of
Chinese population resides in rural areas while 40% of them live in
China is a multiethnic society consisting of 56 ethnic groups. The
most populous among these ethnic groups is Han who form about 91% of
China's total population, while the rest of the Chinese belong to
other ethnic groups. Most of these ethnic groups live together over
vast areas while there are some who live in individual concentrated
communities in small areas. The ethnic minorities are widely
distributed throughout the country. Yunnan Province has the most
number of ethnic minorities. Chinese society is comprised of
minorities like Han, Tibetan, Uigur, Mongolian and Hui.
The Chinese are hardworking, hospitable and conservative people.
Chinese people in larger cities enjoy a high standard of living,
with greatly improved facilities for education and health. It could
be said that the quality of life has improved in entire nation.
Chinese economy is rapidly growing but its fruits would take some
time to reach the lower strata of society. There has been
improvement in the status of women. Chinese society has become more
open and accommodating in recent times. Chinese people are willing
to accept new ideas while maintaining traditional Chinese virtues.
Mandarin, the standard Chinese, is one of the six official languages
used by the United Nations. It is also the official language of
China. Putonghua, standard form of modern Chinese, is the common
language of all modern Han nationality people.