While performing shot put, an athlete has to put a heave metal ball as far as possible. The ball is termed shot and throwing the ball in pushing motion is called put. Two putting styles currently used by shot put competitors are glide and spin. The measurement of putting is from the inner side of the circle boundary to the touching point in the landing area.
Rules and Regulations
The International Association of Athletics Federations or the IAAF rules and regulations are implemented in the shot put event for women in Olympics.
- IAAF rules determine the movements of the athlete during and after the put.
- If an athlete steps out of the circle before the ball has landed, the result is foul throw.
- All athletes are given six chances for shot putting.
- While shot putting, an athlete has to hold the ball between her neck and shoulder.
- Weight of the shot (ball) is determined by the IAAF.
- The shot should not outside the left or right border.
- If the athlete touches the top of the toe board, foul throw occurs.
- The athlete must push the throwing arm straight from the neck, pushing the ball off the fingertips.
- Athletes are allowed to wear bandages for wrist protection.
- If the athlete does not demonstrate control after entering the circle and putting the shot, the result is foul throw.
Women athletes who have performed well at shot put in Olympics are Claudia Losch, Helena Fibingerova, Ilona Briesenick, Natalya Lisovskaya, Yumileidi Cumba, Yanina Korolchik, Sui Xinmei, Tamara Press, Tamara Tyshkevich, Galina Zybina, Vita Pavlysh, Natalya Akhrimenko, Li Meisu, Marianne Adam, Ivanka Hristova, Astrid Kumbernuss, Svetlana Krivelyova, Ilona Slupianek, Nadezhda Chizhova, and Margitta Gummel.